Pedigree Analysis of Kangal Dogs
The laymans' arguments supporting the splitting of the Çoban köpegi
into different 'distinct' regional breeds are interesting. Newly devised and restrictive
standards devised by Pan-European breed specialsts claim that the Kangal dog only appears
in as a solid colored fawn, normally with a black mask
- Here are typical claims:
- "The Kangal dog is not a man-made breed."
"This dog has been bred pure for centuries."
- "The head invariably has a black mask."
"The Kangal Dog is never white or spotted."
"Kangal dogs are never red."
"In Turkey, non-standard colors or patterns are indicators that the dog is not a
purebred Kangal Dog."
"Disqualifications: Solid black, white, or chocolate colored dogs; dogs with piebald,
brindle or other parti-colored patterns; white markings on the face other than the small
white spot on the chin; albinism."
- Typically, tourists ask leading questions and interpret the responses literally to suit.
Ray Coppinger and others have reported that when the opportunity to view whole
litters before culling may occur, a native shepherd (of any country) might point out among
the pups that only certain ones are preferred.
The colloquial cultural term term for 'pure' might be engaged to describe this
variation, especially when media pressures and local preferences influence social dogma.
- Genetically, the outward appearance (phenotypes) of pups give lie to the relative
'purity' of the genes which their parents carry. Can usage of the word 'pure' be equated
with genetic purity?
To further complicate the "tourist" point of view: pups in the same litter out
of the same dam may possibly share the same sires (multiple sires are common with working
Tourists appear to have little understanding of genetics or perhaps they are overly
simplistic.Apparently, their narrow views do not take into account cultural and genetic
bases for generations of successful working dogs that predate kennel club eras.
Let's look at the evidence:
- Pure Kangal breeding
Part I - A Pedigree Analysis
of International Kangal pedigrees
- Persistent claims even by those who have done NO pedigree analysis, have
been made to support the "purebred" status of the Kangal. These supporters claim
that the Kangal is the only pure Turkish livestock guardian dog. Let's see if
documented kennel club pedigrees and the facts support this view.
- Part II - Red and rough
- If Kangal breeders are breeding dogs which are proven carriers
of rough coat to others carrying the same or other disqualifications, such as coat color
red, can Kangal breeders honestly claim that they are breeding 'pure' Kangals?
- Part III - German &
Australian Kangals pedigrees
- Some pedigree notes and photos of Truvas Kangal puppies. Pure PINTO
- Part IV - Selective breeding
- Since the seemingly pure lines of short coated solid fawn Kangals - even
after generations of culling and selective breeding - still
keep producing rough coats, particolours, reddish pups, "mismarks", -- doesn't
it become reasonable to assume that these recessive traits are a part of the breed?
- Part V - Inbreeding, small
- Doubling, tripling, quadrupling the "precious" fawn dogs -- Is
inbreeding the key to try and keep the Kangal looking like a Kangal?
A Geneticist speaks - Letter
from Dr. Malcolm B. Willis
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